Which Illnesses Can Cause Infertility?


Many illnesses and health problems can actually contribute to infertility or a harder time conceiving in the future. Here is a look at a few of those conditions.

1 Cancer

Most people are aware that cancer can have a long lasting effect on fertility. Both the cancer itself, as well as drugs used to treat cancer, can contribute to long term infertility.


Different types of cancer affect fertility in different ways, and no two cancer cases are exactly the same. If you are diagnosed with cancer, there are sometimes ways, such as freezing your eggs that doctors can use to preserve your fertility for after your cancer goes into remission.

2 Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a very common condition that occurs when uterine tissue spreads to areas of the body that are actually outside of the uterus. The results can include extensive uterine scarring, which can lead to fertility problems.


If you have endometriosis, make sure to talk to your doctor to find out how it can potentially affect your fertility later in life.

3 Thyroid Conditions

There are several different conditions of the thyroid that can damage fertility in some cases. Usually, thyroid problems can easily be treated and don’t usually cause long term damage to the reproductive system.


However, going a long time without getting your thyroid issues in control can lead to fertility damage on down the line.  Don’t worry too much- many women have thyroid issues and go on to have children with no problems at all.

4 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is a very common infection of the female reproductive tract. It is often caused by an STD, but not always. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, if not treated right away, can lead to fertility problems in later years.


Also, surgery to repair Pelvic Inflammatory Disease can also contribute to fertility issues. This is why it is very important to try to treat Pelvic Inflammatory Disease as soon as symptoms arise.

5 Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

STDS, or sexually transmitted diseases, are one of the most common causes of infertility. Contrary to popular belief, men and women do not always know automatically when they have an STD.


Some have no symptoms at all, and some have symptoms that can be blamed on other conditions. Men and women are both at risk for sexually transmitted diseases that can affect fertility. If you ever think you have symptoms that could potentially be an STD, make sure to check with your doctor and get treated right away.

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Dr. Lynette Weiss is ConceiveEasy's Senior Physician and Scientific Director. She is certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology and is a fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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